Between 2012 and 2013 Goldman Sachs helped raise US$ 6.5 billion over three bond sales for 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB). 1MDB was the strategic investment and development company that was wholly-owned and controlled by the Government of Malaysia through its Ministry of Finance. Goldman Sachs

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A History of crude oil price drivers Over time we have analyzed the trend in crude oil prices and its various drivers and made forecasts about the direction that prices would take in the future. This post presents a review of the drivers and avenues

The post Crude Oil Price Outlook Models – 9 years from 2009 to 2018 appeared first on Finance Training Course.

This is the second in the series on the calculation of Pre-settlement Risk (PSR) & Potential Future Exposure (PFE) for FX derivatives. We extend the model we used to calculate the PSR & PFE risk measures for a call option to a forward contract and

The post Pre-settlement Risk (PSR) & Potential Future Exposure (PFE) – Call, Forward & TARF – Part 2 appeared first on Finance Training Course.

Pre-settlement Risk (PSR) & Potential Future Exposure (PFE) are calculated to assess counterparty credit risk for derivative transactions. PSR calculates the risk of a counterparty default at a static point in time while PFEs assess the risk over the life time of the transaction. The

The post Pre-settlement Risk (PSR) & Potential Future Exposure (PFE) – Call, Forward & TARF – Part 1 appeared first on Finance Training Course.

Excel convergence hacks for TARF pricing models. Convergence between closed form and simulation model prices is enhanced with variance reduction procedures. It encourages model extension to complex products. For our TARF pricing model in its original form convergence is a challenge. We will try and

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Excel TARF Pricing Models – Black Scholes approach Our alternate Excel TARF Pricing model uses the Black Scholes close form solution to find a price. The TARF contract described in the product term sheet above is equal to having a series of forward contracts that

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TARF Pricing Models Our two part series on TARF pricing models begins where we stopped with our analysis on TARF hedge effectiveness. We cover both vanilla TARF (without any path dependent options) and Knock in Knock out (KIKO) TARF’s in that discussion. In this post

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USD JPY FX options convention. For business school students taking the treasury product exam or preparing for a trading desk interview, the USD JPY pair is particularly troublesome. Here is a list of common errors and challenges side by side with four simple examples for

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USD JPY FX options convention. For business school students taking the treasury product exam or preparing for a trading desk interview, the USD JPY pair is particularly troublesome. Here is a list of common errors and challenges side by side with four simple examples for

The post FX Currency Options – The USD JPY FX options convention appeared first on Finance Training Course.